This is the family I stayed with in July 1996. Mr. Wang has three children: two older daughters and the youngest is the son. The middle daughter was unregistered and the son was registered as the "second" child. Mr. Wang believed it was important to have a son.
This picture was taken in July 2018. Mr. Wang and his wife are living in the same village and home (窰洞). We needed permission from Mr. Wang and his wife to use the 1996 image of their family for the cover of our book. This is the couple standing proudly with their granddaughter.